The Romans used eagles fixed to the tops of poles, and the knights of the Middles Ages wore their crests on jerkins worn over their chest armour. By the end of the 17th century, every company of infantry and troop of cavalry had its own colour and standard, but by this custom had been reduced to two colours per battalion of infantry. Each Cavalry regiment eventually carried one standard or guidon. These two colours, known as a stand of colours, represent the heart of a regiment.
Summers and Rene Chartrand Ottawa: Reprinting or duplication of the text or illustration without permission from the Canadian War Museum is prohibited. Though it has seen more than years of unbroken service, the regiment has not always been a completely Highland unit.
In November, the unit was renamed the 5th Battalion, The Royal Light Infantry of Montreal, re-establishing a unit that originated with the volunteer corps of This was to have a profound influence on the regiment.
To retain its Highland identity, the company wore a diced band on its forage caps, and from this modest distinction it evolved into a full Highland regiment. The regiment first saw active service during the Fenian raids of and On both occasions, the entire unit was mobilized and rushed to the region of St-Jean, not far from the American frontier.
Ina strange incident almost ended the young regiment's existence. General Orders of 2 June tersely announced that the 5th Battalion, The Royal Light Infantry, "having become disorganized is removed from the list of Active Militia corps.
Cartier apparently was quite unaware of the offending order or its cause. As the strength of the regiment increased, so did its Scottish character; and inat its own request, the unit was redesignated the 5th Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers.
Inthe regiment again was renamed, this time the 5th Battalion, Royal Scots of Canada. The services of the regiment were not required for the Northwest Rebellion of ; however, it did have an opportunity for active service inwhen volunteers were required for the 2nd Special Service Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry for service in South Africa.
The Royal Scots of Canada soon filled its quota of volunteers, and earned its first battle honour: The regiment's approach to full Highland status was reflected in by a further change in title to 5th Regiment, Royal Scots of Canada, Highlanders. Inthe regiment was designated the 5th Regiment, Royal Highlanders of Canada, and became formally associated with the Black Watch of the British Army.
The regiment raised three active-service battalions during the First World War: It was not by accident that Canadian units of the Black Watch bore the two historic numbers of their parent unit of the British Army.
All three battalions were in action at the Battle of Vimy Ridge on 9 April However, the 73rd RHC was broken up after the battle to reinforce the 13th and 42nd battalions. When the militia was reorganized after the war, the Royal Highlanders of Canada became a two-battalion regiment.
To conform with the re-designation of its British counterpart, the regiment was twice re-titled. On the outbreak of the Second World War inthe 1st Battalion was mobilized and assigned to the 5th Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Division.
It lost some officers and more than 2, other ranks, giving it tragic distinction of suffering the most casualties of any unit in 21st Army Group. The regiment supplied one company for each of the 1st and 2nd Canadian Highland battalions, which formed part of Canada's NATO brigade.
With the reduction of the Regular Army, the two regular battalions of the regiment were disbanded inleaving the militia battalion to represent the regiment. The Black Watch of Canada, as a regiment of Canadian Militia, forges a link with those Scottish soldiers who came to Canada to fight, but remained to build this country.
Uniform When the regiment was formed inthe dress of the 5th Battalion, The Royal Light Infantry of Montreal was that of the British Army light infantry except that its lace and buttons were silver rather than gold. The head-dress was a black shako of pattern with a green ball.
The collar, shoulder-straps, and slashed cuffs of the long-skirted red tunic were dark blue.
The forage cap was a high pillbox, similar to that of the British guards, with a red band. In undress, the officers wore the long double-breasted dark-blue frock-coat and a low round forage cap with straight black peak and red band. A loose single-breasted four-button patrol jacket was worn over the sword-belt on active service.
When transferred to The Royal Light Infantry inthe Highland Rifle Company of Montreal adopted the standard light infantry uniform when on parade with the unit.
Only a diced band on the forage cap indicated the Highland origin of the company. Off parade, however, the company was permitted to wear trews of Black Watch tartan and a feather bonnet with red hackle.
Upon being reorganized as the 5th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, Montreal inthe regiment adopted fusilier dress:The Scottish Highland Regiments are renowned for being some of the bravest regiments in the British army.
Basic History The history of the Scottish Highlands begins in when the Gaelic tribe the Scotti successfully invaded Scotland from Ulster. Though it was a tragic loss for the British Army, the Black Watch served with distinction.
The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) The Black Watch was an infantry unit born in the aftermath of the First Jacobite Rebellion of The senior Highland regiment, it went on to fight in nearly all the British Army's campaigns and is now part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
That honor goes to the word “tartan,” which was first used to describe the individual colors and patterns used to decorate the clothes of different Scottish clans.
The Black watch is the most famous Scottish Regiment in British military history. So much so that their name is recognized around the world, and their reputation as a formidable fighting force is second to none.
In fact they are the most highly decorated Regiment in the whole of the British armed forces. Since the Canadian army takes its traditions from the British army, each of our infantry battalions carries a Queen's (or King's) Colour and a Regimental Colour.
These two colours, known as a stand of colours, represent the heart of a regiment. The first Highland Regiment formed after the Union of was the 42nd (Black Watch) Regiment of Foot.
These men would be sent to fight in the War of Austrian Succession in They served at the Battle of Fontenoy.
Though it was a tragic loss for the British .